One of the most common scams in the crypto space is the Ponzi scheme. In this type of scam, early investors are paid returns with the funds collected from later investors. The scheme relies on constantly attracting new investors to generate returns for earlier investors, and eventually collapses when there are not enough new investors to support the payments to earlier investors. The most popular may be the OneCoin scam, perpetrated by Ruja Ignatova and her colleagues.
Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs)
Some ICOs (Initial Coin Offerings) turn out to be scams, where the company does not actually develop the product or service it promised, and the token has no real value. Using the hype and lack of knowledge of would-be investors, scammers were able to steal large amounts of funds.
Fake exchanges are another type of scam in the crypto space. In this scam, a fake exchange website is set up to look like a legitimate exchange, but in reality, it is just a way for the scammers to steal your cryptocurrency. When you deposit funds into the fake exchange, you will never be able to withdraw them again.
Phishing scams are a type of scam where a hacker will try to trick you into giving them access to your personal information, such as your passwords or private keys. This is often done through fake emails or websites that look like they belong to a legitimate company, but in reality, they are just a way for the hacker to steal your information.
Cloud Mining Scams
Cloud mining scams are another type of scam in the crypto space. In this scam, a company will offer to mine cryptocurrency for you, but in reality, they are just taking your money and not actually doing any mining. The company will usually offer a high return on your investment, but you will never see any returns because the company is not actually mining cryptocurrency.
Pump and Dump Scams
Pump and dump scams are a type of scam where a group of people will artificially inflate the price of a certain cryptocurrency by buying it in large quantities. The price will then rise, and other people will start buying the cryptocurrency, thinking it is a good investment. Once the price reaches a certain level, the people behind the scam will sell their holdings, causing the price to drop and leaving other investors with worthless cryptocurrency.
Exit scams are a type of scam where a company or an individual will suddenly shut down their operations and disappear with the funds invested by their customers. This type of scam is particularly prevalent in the ICO space, where companies may issue a token, raise funds from investors, and then disappear without delivering on their promises.